Built with vertical elements (post, columns, etc.) and horizontal ones (beams, lintels, entablatures, etc.). Typical of classical architecture, as opposed to …
Built with arches (curved structures supporting the mass of a building or surrounding the doorways and windows), of which there are two main types …
An arch that (if imaginarily extended) forms a circle or an ellipse. Typical of classical, especially Roman, architecture.
An arch composed of two curved members that meet at its apex. (If arches are placed in parallel succession, they form a vault. If the arches are at right or acute angles, sharing a common apex, they form a groined vault. The arch, vault, and groined vault allowed Gothic cathedrals to reach imposing and previously unattainable heights.)
A house covering of vertical boards, the seams of which are covered by smaller strips of wood (battens).
Decorative woodwork suspended under a house’s eaves.
Decorative device at the peak of a gable, typically the highest element of a Gothic structure.
Decorative device placed at the angle of a roof, gable, or cornice.
Window or series of windows projecting outward from a wall of a building, extending to the ground, typically polygonal in form.
A bay window not extending to the ground.
A rosette window with three, four, or five lobes or sections.
A molding that projects from the surface surrounding a doorway or window.