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Jim Crow

The boy's vicious killing by white racists in Mississippi in 1955 helped to transform America's racial consciousness, much like the murder of George Floyd by a white cop in 2020.

Emmett Till's mo

Dubbed the “AAA guide for black people,” the underground travel manual encapsulated how automobile travel expanded — and limited — African American lives under Jim Crow.

Editor's Note: Candacy Taylor is an award-winning author, photographer, and cultural documentarian.

He was a lieutenant in the Army of the United States: he saw no reason to sit in the back of the bus

ON JULY 6, 1944, Jackie Robinson, a twenty-five-year-old lieutenant, boarded an Army bus at Fort Hood, Texas.

Although marred by the grisly murders of three young activists, the Freedom Summer of 1964 brought revolutionary changes to Mississippi and the nation.

BORN IN SLAVERY AND RAISED IN ITS PAINFUL AFTERMATH TO BECOME ONE OF THE MOST POWERFUL AMERICAN ICONS, SHE HAS BEEN MADE TO ENCOMPASS LOVE AND GUILT AND RIDICULE AND WORSHIP —AND STILL SHE LIVES ON

On Highway 61, just outside of Natchez, Mississippi, stands Mammy’s Cupboard, a thirty-foot-high concrete figure of a black woman.

In the 19th Century, white performers invented the minstrel show, the first uniquely American entertainment form

 

NOTE: this article has been updated and reissued in the Winter 2019 issue. Click for the new version.

When one weary woman refused to be harassed out of her seat in the bus, the whole shaky edifice of Jim Crow began to totter

In 1955,

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